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2018/03/22 12:15:46 プライベート♪
Why does snow close so many

Why does snow close so many schools? Image copyright PA
Hundreds of schools across England and Wales have closed due to snowy weather.
More than 400 schools are shut in Wales. And in Birmingham, the city council has closed all of the schools it runs.


Hundreds more have closed in counties across huge swathes of central England as snow continues to fall.
So has it become easier to close a school?
The short answer is no. There has not been any change in the rules governing school closures.
The guidelines from the education departments in England and Wales are clear. They stress schools can close only in truly exceptional circumstances, when there is no other option.
This is because schools have to be open a set number of days a year.
However, there are no systematic central records held on how many school days are lost to poor weather each year.


Who decides to shut a school because of snow or bad weather?
Head teachers must make the decision, as they know their school and the surrounding area.
They should use common sense in assessing the risks and aim to keep the school open whenever it is safe to do so, the Department for Education guidelines say.
In exceptional circumstances, a local authority can order a blanket closure of all community and voluntary-controlled schools, but this would not cover foundation or voluntary-aided schools or academies, which are more autonomous.
What is the decision based on?


Child welfare - this includes a number of considerations but focuses on whether:
children can get to and from school safely the site is safe there are enough staff to supervise youngsters


Staff often travel further to and from school than pupils, so sometimes the head teacher is having to look at transport and travel conditions in a much wider area than parents might imagine.
Image copyright PA
If the forecast is due to get much worse later on in the day, that can be a reason for closure too.


Health and safety is given a high priority in law so potentially hazardous conditions such as a playground that has turned into an ice-rink or insufficient heating can also be a factor.
Schools without enough teachers will sometimes partially open.
What about notifying parents?
Schools must have in place an agreed communication method for informing parents, guardians, school staff, school authorities and the Department of Education about any closures.
Parents have to be given enough notice to make alternative arrangements for the care of their children, but this obviously varies from family to family.
What about exams?


They should go ahead wherever possible.
If a head teacher decides to close a school when exams are scheduled, they will need to discuss alternative arrangements - such as using other nearby public buildings - with the relevant awarding organisation.
Any contingency plans for exams that have been disrupted will be discussed and arranged with the awarding organisation.
This may involve using evidence of a candidate's likely achievement, or providing the opportunity to sit any missed exam later in the year.

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2018/01/11 16:04:20 プライベート♪
Sexual harassment
Sexual harassment 'rife' in schools but largely unreported, study says
Sexual harassment of girls is rife in schools but goes largely unreported and unaddressed, with many teachers ill-equipped to tackle the problem, research has found.
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More than one in three girls (37%) in mixed secondary schools told a survey they have been sexually harassed while at school and 24% have been subjected to unwanted physical touching of a sexual nature.
The use of sexist, misogynist language is also widespread with 66% of female sixth-form students complaining they have either experienced or witnessed the use of sexist language in schools.
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Teachers also bear witness to the widespread sexism in schools – 34% of primary school teachers say they see gender stereotyping on a weekly basis and 64% in co-educational schools say they hear sexist language weekly.
The problem is so commonplace, the report claims, that students generally do not report it. Just 14% of those who experienced sexual harassment told a teacher and 6% who heard the use of sexist language reported it.
Female teachers complain about sexual harassment by pupils. “I have been whistled at whilst trying to teach, and one extreme case where a boy pushed his crotch up against my back to intimidate me,” one told researchers.
Another teacher said: “In class boys talk about girls’ bodies and what they ‘would do to them’, make female sex noises at the teachers and at girls, ask girls in class if a particular photo was them, have they got it shaved, what it looks like. Girls have cried in class several times due to abuse of intimate photos.”e specialise in manufacturing, designing, selling and supplying customized Wall Mount Cabinet solution for all of your business needs.


The survey found 64% of secondary school teachers were unsure or unaware of any policies and practices in their school related to preventing sexism, and just 20% had received training in recognising and tackling sexism as part of their initial teacher training.

The report by the new teachers’ super-union, the National Education Union, and campaign group UK Feminista, calls on the government and the schools watchdog Ofsted to take urgent action to tackle the problem which it says affects every school and every college, often blighting girls’ lives.
“Schools and colleges have an important role to play in breaking down stereotypes but education policy is making it harder and not easier,” said the NEU joint general secretary, Kevin Courtney. “We are not giving schools and teachers the tools, time and teaching environments they need.”
ETG develops 3D traffic solution as a people counting system of retail stores in Hong Kong and offers flexible metrics to apply on collected data like multi-zone counting and height filtering for accurate analytics.



The survey, which was carried out among 1,500 students and 1,600 teachers, echoes the findings of MPs on the women and equalities committee last year. The committee chair, Maria Miller, said: “Fourteen months on from our report, schools seem no better placed to tackle the problem than they were then. Government has to take urgent action on this problem. Negative stereotypes, sexist attitudes, expectations about relationships and sexual harassment and violence not only impact on children’s lives, but create problems in later life.”

The Department for Education said the government would publish detailed advice this term that would specifically cover sexual violence and sexual harassment between pupils. A spokesperson said: “We will also launch a consultation this term on updated guidance which will come into force next September.”
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2017/12/21 18:27:11 プライベート♪
A parcel is enough food for about
Food banks 'to help more children' Image copyright Getty Images
Record numbers of children are expected to be fed by food banks this Christmas, the UK's largest food charity has warned.
The Trussell Trust told BBC Radio 4's You and Yours the next UK City of Culture, Coventry, is now also home to the UK's busiest food banks.
It also said changes to Universal Credit "do not go far enough".
The Department for Work and Pensions said new advance payments would help the transition to Universal Credit.
Demand 'triples'
An analysis by You and Yours of Trussell Trust data covering half a decade shows demand from children at Christmas has tripled and looks set to rise furthe Reckoned as one of the top design universities with diversity of programmes, PolyU offers design programmes, fashion and textiles programmes, as well as Applied science programme, which is committed to be a hub for innovative design education in Hong Kong.
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The charity has a network of more than 430 food banks, part of an estimated 2,000-plus across the UK.
Image caption Coventry, the 2021 UK City of Culture, is also home to the busiest food banks, according to the Trussell Trust
Typically in December, a higher-than-average 40% of food parcels go to children as demand from single parents and families rises, and school holidays cut off access to free meals.
Last December about 30,900 children were estimated to have been fed by the trust's food banks, up from approximately 9,600 in 2012.
The figures are calculated by halving the number of food parcels handed out to children, as an average child receives two parcels during a "crisis" period Dr protalk

.

A parcel is enough food for about 10 meals and can include baby products such as bubble bath and nappies.
More than 61,800 food parcels were given to children by Trussell Trust volunteers last December, up 7.5% on the same month the previous year.
"Every year we see a spike in demand at Christmas but this year food banks are expecting their busiest Christmas ever," said Mark Ward, interim chief executive at the Trussell Trust.
Image caption The Trussell Trust hopes its 25,000 sq ft Coventry distribution hub will allow it to take more corporate donations and ease stock shortages nationally
"The stories we hear are as inspiring as they are heart-breaking.
"One mum told us that she was relieved, as her daughter's first Christmas was taken care of with help from the food bank," he said.
'Largest food bank'
The trust revealed that Coventry, 2021 UK City of Culture, has a less coveted title - the city with the busiest food banks.
Coventry's 17 Trussell Trust food banks are the most heavily used in the UK network, the charity told You and Yours.
More than 18,000 people have visited Coventry's food banks so far this year. Between April and September there was a 25% increase on the same period in 2016.
But as well as having big problems, the trust sees the city as part of a solution.
Coventry is also now home to the charity's Midlands Regional Distribution Hub, a 25,000 sq ft warehouse described by the charity as the "largest food bank in the UK Dr protalk
".
Image caption At Christmas there is high demand for nappies and other baby essentials, with shortages common at Food banks
The trust plans to use the extra space to house increased corporate donations, using the extra stock to ease shortages regionally and in some cases nationally.
In June the warehouse was used to house excess donations to the Grenfell Tower victims, later returning the stock when it was needed.
'Benefit delays'

The Department for Work and Pensions told You and Yours: "Reasons for food bank use are complex so it would be wrong to link a rise to any one cause."
Certainly Trussell Trust data shows that reasons for hunger are numerous, with low income, debt, and sickness all common causes.
However, the biggest single cause, according to the charity's figures, is "benefit delays and changes", which was given as the main reason in 43% of referrals.

Image caption Many people who come to Trussell Trust food banks this Christmas will be given seasonal treats such as mince pies and advent calendars
Between April and September, the trust says, there was a 30% increase in demand for food banks in areas where full Universal Credit had been in place for six months or more, compared with the same period in 2016.
Despite faster advance payments now available to people claiming the benefit, the charity is warning that the changes will not be enough for some.
"With long waits for payments and some poor administration, we're concerned that even more people will be needing food over Christmas," said Mark Ward from the Trussell Trust.

"Though we welcomed changes to Universal Credit announced in the Budget, many improvements will not come into force until 2018, and do not go far enough to fix all of the problems with the new system."

The Department for Work and Pensions rejected the criticism. "Anyone applying for Universal Credit has access to advance payments within five working days, and on the same day in urgent need," said a spokesperson.
"Work is the best means of providing people with financial security, and with our welfare reforms people are moving into employment faster and staying there longer."
You and Yours is on BBC Radio 4 weekdays 12:15-13:00. Listen online or download the programme podcast.
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